Sydney, Australia's oldest and largest city, was founded in 1788 when Captain Phillip arrived in 1788 at Farm Cove, today just east of the Opera House. It was from here the city of Sydney began to develop.
In 1901 Australia was federalized and Sydney became the capital of New South Wales, the state in which Sydney is situated. The city continued to develop throughout the 20th Century, enduring both World Wars and becoming an Allied military base during World War II.
During the 1970's Sydney underwent extensive urban redevelopment. Today it has all the traits of a world class city with a skyline rivaling many of America's biggest cities.
Sydney is based on one of the world's most spectacular harbours and a ferry ride at night time is one of the highlights of the city. Not many cities in the world have two of its most instantly recognisable landmarks right beside each other.
You can't beat the experience of sipping a coffee outside Sydney Opera House while admiring the Harbour Bridge at the same time. Once the city becomes too much for you, and you feel like retreating to a more relaxed location, take your pick from some of the best beaches in Australia located in the eastern and northern suburbs.
Incorporating the harbour's islands and much of the Foreshore, Sydney Harbour National Park brims with picnic areas, bays, harbour pools and beaches to relax in. It's where ferries, yachts, cruise vessels, jet boats, catamarans and kayaks all jostle for a piece of the world's best harbour.
Laze on a chartered yacht moored in a bay or unwind on a scenic cruise, plenty of which are on offer from Circular Quay or Darling Harbour. Well worth touring are the historically significant Sydney Harbour Islands : Shark, Clark, Goat or Rodd - where you can enjoy a picnic surrounded by the harbour. For further stunning vistas one of the many walks you can go on includes the Hermitage Foreshore walk from Rose Bay to Vaucluse, or from Cremorne Point to Mosman Bay.
Shop in style at the famous Queen Victoria building then discover Castlereagh and Elizabeth Streets, home to many international designer labels. Explore the beautifully restored Victorian shopping arcades, such as the Queen Victoria Building and the Strand Arcade. Visit the Archibald Fountain and ANZAC Memorial in Sydney's famous Hyde Park. Take a walk down to the George Street cinema precinct to catch a latest release movie.
If you're in the mood for an adrenalin surge flash past the Opera House and zoom towards the Heads on a jet boat ride of Sydney Harbour or climb Sydney Harbour Bridge.