Darwin is the capital of Australia's Northern Territory and has a population of about forty thousand people. Among the forty thousand residents are between forty-five and sixty different ethnic groups turning the city into a melting pot of different races and cultures.
The original city was founded in 1869 and was named Palmerston. It wasn't officially changed to Darwin until 1911 when it was called after the world famous naturalist, Charles Darwin. In the beginning its development was quite slow but with the discovery of gold at Pine Creek in the 1930s things were about the change dramatically. This find had a major influence on the city's growth until it was almost destroyed by Japanese bombers during World War II.
Following this, it was extremely badly damaged once again in 1974 when Cyclone Tracy came to town travelling at speeds of up to two hundred and eighty kilometres per hour. Repairs began almost immediately, however, and the city is now the major commercial and transportation centre of Northern Australia thanks to its position as the doorway to all other major Northern areas.
Darwin's main industries are mining and administration but it is also becoming an extremely popular tourist attraction. Evidence of this can be seen in the multitude of hostels, hotels, motels and campsites which are popping up all over the city. Yet, despite the influx of visitors, the city still maintains its many ethnic roots and this is always reassuring in a country which has been bombarded by tourists in recent years.
Darwin, the Northern Territory's vibrant capital city, enjoys a relaxed tropical lifestyle.
Try a delicious jackfruit curry, sip a fresh mango smoothie, or sample some crocodile jerky at one of Darwin's bustling weekend markets.
Regular markets are located throughout the city, but the Mindil Beach Sunset Markets are perhaps the best known. There are performances of local music, stalls selling local handicrafts, and an irresistible mix of international flavours set against the backdrop of a spectacular Northern Territory sunset.
Local restaurants also offer delicious cuisine - sit back and enjoy favourites, like mud crab and barramundi. Fishing for 'barra' is a fantastic way to get acquainted with Darwin Harbour. Alternatively, board a sunset cruise and drift by the scenic foreshore. There are many attractions within easy reach.
Browse the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, where you can explore the effects of Cyclone Tracy or view Sweetheart the crocodile, hand-feed barramundi at Aquascene in Doctors Gully, see hundreds of crocodiles at Crocodylus Park, or stroll along the historic city walk to see many of Darwin’s historically significant sites.